Are you considering going through the mortgage pre-approval process before you begin your search for a home? Great idea! A couple of the most common situations you may avoid by making this smart decision include:
- Being turned down by an agent or seller to look at a home. This isn’t because they don’t want to help but simply because they won’t know if you can afford the home or are serious about buying.
- Falling in love with a home that you cannot afford. What if you found a place that was perfect for you, but it was way outside of your budget? This could lead to a lot of stress, frustration, and disappointment for you, the seller, and your agent.
Obtaining a mortgage pre-approval letter makes sense when you consider the stress that can be caused without it. The situations listed above are some of the most common, but they are not the only ones that may be experienced. By taking the time to get pre-approved before beginning to shop, you’ll have evidence of your ability to pay and the fact that you’re serious about buying as well. Real estate agents and sellers alike will appreciate this and be eager to work with you as a result.
If you want to get the home buying process started with confidence, then taking the time to get a pre-approval is necessary to make sure that you are ready to buy a home. The first step is to find a mortgage lender, who will run your credit and obtain important financial information in order to determine your eligibility. Fortunately, once this is over and you have been pre-approved, you can begin shopping for your next home. With that pre-approval in hand, you’ll be treated as a serious buyer from the very first phone call, whether you’re speaking with an agent or seller.
What is a Mortgage Pre-approval Letter?
This letter, while it may not seem like a vital document to you, is incredibly important to real estate agents and home sellers. A mortgage pre-approval letter is an evidence of how much real estate you can afford and that you’re serious about taking the next step when buying a home. However, it’s important to keep in mind that while a pre-approval letter does carry weight, it is not a guarantee of a loan. Fortunately, it’s proof enough that you’re capable of buying, which is why agents and sellers value it so much.
How Do I Get a Mortgage Pre-approval Letter?
Getting a pre-approval letter is easier than you might think. Once you have selected your lender and received the thumbs-up from them to go and look for a home, you can ask them for an official letter to confirm their statement. It is a very common practice in the real estate and banking industry to obtain a mortgage pre-approval letter. When you’re working with a reputable mortgage team, providing this letter should be standard practice for them.
How Long Does it Take to Get a Pre-approval letter?
The answer really depends on how much time do you need to provide all the documents to the lender? The sooner you can send the lender or the mortgage broker the supportive documents, the faster you will be approved and provided with a mortgage pre-approval letter. Based on my experience it shouldn’t take them longer than 24-48 hours to provide you with an answer once you have provided all the supportive documents to them.
Why Do I Need a Pre-Approval Letter?
While you may be able to verbally express that you’re ready to buy, there are many great reasons for being pre-approved for a mortgage. A pre-approval letter is physical evidence of the fact that you are a serious buyer with the capacity to purchase.
Sellers really don’t know anything about the potential buyers coming through their door. And for valid reasons they are always skeptical whether the buyer is going to succeed at qualifying for the mortgage. You will find that sellers take you more seriously when you’re equipped with a mortgage pre-approval letter, and your agent is able to help you in a much more effective manner as well.
For instance, with this letter, they may be able to help you to negotiate a better deal due to the fact that you’re a bonafide buyer. Most pre-approved buyers also find that sellers prefer to work with them over non-approved buyers, giving them an edge over the competition.
Another important reason why you need a pre-approval letter is that it clarifies the amount that you can actually afford to borrow. This will make it easier to search for your next home and can save you from the heartbreak of falling in love with a home that you simply can’t fit in your budget. Making this even better is the fact that pre-approval can help speed up the closing process by the only having to approve the purchased property.
Benefits of a Mortgage Pre-Approval Letter?
Pre-Qualification Letter vs. Pre-Approval Letter
While a mortgage pre-approval and pre-qualification letter might seem like they are interchangeable documents, they are actually very different from one another and often befuddles even industry members. By understanding these differences, you can avoid major road bumps in the buying process.
The process of pre-qualification only takes a few minutes. A mortgage pre-qualification gives you a slight idea of what kind of loan you might qualify for. Being an informal estimate, this is ideal for buyers are in the very initial stages of buying a home.
A mortgage pre-approval is a more intensive process that requires a credit check, financial verification, and proof of down payment, a pre-approval is essential if you’re ready to buy a house. It provides a far more accurate idea of what you can afford so you can begin looking at homes within your realistic price range. A pre-approval letter will also declare your purchasing power once you do find a property that you like.
Unfortunately, the term of pre-qualification and pre-approval are being used interchangeably and there is always great confusion between the two. At the end of the day, the lender is the only entity that can actually approve a mortgage and it’s best to get a mortgage pre-approval commitment letter from them. A mortgage commitment letter is going to cover all the conditions that need to be in place for the mortgage to be funded, which makes the mortgage commitment letter a more valid document than anything else.
How long is a Mortgage Pre-approval Letter Good For?
Interest rates tend to fluctuate based on many variables and lenders are only able to guarantee to the home buyer a fixed rate for a short period before buying a house. Typically banks provide a “rate-hold” for 90-120 days after pre-approving someone for a mortgage. Receiving a guaranteed interest rate until you find your new home is another benefit of getting a mortgage pre-approval/commitment, but you need to be careful about not to do things that could jeopardize your pre-approval.
What Can Hinder a (pre) Approved Mortgage?
Although having a mortgage pre-approval is security knowing how much you can afford, there are rules and stipulations you must follow once your approval is finalized. In most situations, you must pay very close attention to your finances and major life-changing events such as changing jobs or befriending a cosigner. This means continuing to make payments of your credit obligation on time and avoiding any new loans or credit cards that may affect your credit score. Any changes that occur in the time between having your offer accepted and closing can cause a re-examination of your pre-approval and result in a derailed loan. With the utmost certainty, lenders will verify employment and creditworthiness just prior to releasing the funds. Some specific activities you should avoid include:
As you can see there are many elements of buying a home and being well prepared in advance is going to serve you well along your journey. Having a mortgage pre-approval letter in place is not a prerequisite to purchasing real estate. Although sometimes it can be perceived as an extra hoop that others just want home buyers to jump through. By now I trust that you can see that foremost it is really going to benefit the home buyer by being organized and having the right mortgage team in your court.
Be sure to ask your real estate agent for references and recommendations of banks and mortgage brokers that their clients had a great experience working in the past. You can have peace and comfort knowing that they will only steer you towards those individuals who provide an exceptional job to get your mortgage approved.
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I am a licensed member of the Real Estate Council of Alberta since 2005 - proudly representing CIR REALTY, Calgary’s largest real estate brokerage. I enjoy keeping my readers up to date with real estate related information that they can easily understand and use for their own benefit. I welcome feedbacks and comments equally from first-time visitors to my blog, past clients and also from my fellow REALTOR® colleagues. Thanks for stopping by!